The first genetically modified varieties of canola (oilseed rape) were produced for research in 1984. The first commercial varieties were introduced into the marketplace in 1996.
Commonly planted GM canola varieties include the herbicide resistant GT73 and MS8/RF3 strains. Within the EU the cultivation of GM canola is currently not allowed.
Main use of the crop:
- Oil production (edible oil, biofuel)
- Animal feed
- Herbicide resistance
- Male-sterility, fertility restoration